a substance whose whole essence was only to think and which, to exist, has no need of space nor of any material thing. Thus it follows that this ego, this soul, by which I am what I am, is entirely distinct from the body

The belief in a complete autonomy of the thinking self from the material being is called Transcendental Idealism. Actually the fundamental claim of every type of idealism i.e. the existence of a spiritual essence independent from material reality is very purely presented in that fragment.


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